Hand tools can be described as any equipment powered by hand or operated with manual labor rather than an engine. According to studies, the use of hand tools has been on since the stone age era (that is the period when stones were used for cutting and hammering). While during the bronze age hand tools were manufactured by casting copper and tin alloys. These bronze age tools were harder and sharper than those made during the stone era. Then during the iron age bronze was replaced with iron, and hand powered tools became stronger and more durable.
The ancient Romans were one of the groups that developed hand powered tools during the iron age that are similar to the ones produced in the present day. Since the industrial revolution, the production of hand tools has transitioned from craftsman made to factory produced. Presently there are numerous hand tools that fall under different categories. Below are highlights of these categories and some hand powered tools.
Hand tools are divided into several categories some of which include;
Laying out hand powered tools are used for measuring and marking workpieces.
Impact hand powered tools are used to drive nails into wood or concrete. They include hammers, sledge and mallets.
This include tools used to fasten they include wrenches and screwdrivers.
These are hand powered tools used to cut through wood. They include wood saws, planes, and wood chisels etc.
These tools are used to cut through metals. Some of them include dies, files, drills, punches, taps, and readers.
This type of hand tools are used to clip or hold objects. Some of them include clamps, pliers, and vises.
Some other categories of hand powered tools include grinding and sharpening tools, as well as finishing tools and abrasives.
A wrench or spanner is a hand powered tool that is used to provide a grip and/or mechanical advantage to turn objects (mostly rotary fasteners like nuts and bolts) or stop them from turning.
A drill is a hand tool that is fitted with a cutting equipment attachment or driving tool attachment, (typically a drill bit or a driver bit) used for fastening materials together or making holes in various objects. The attachment is gripped with a chuck at one part of a drill and rotated when pressed against the target object. Drills are mostly used in woodworking, construction, metalworking, and DIY projects. There are also specially designed drills used for space missions, in medicine, and for other applications. Some types of drills include hand drill and brace drill etc.
A vise or vice is a hand tool used to secure objects so as to allow work to be done on it. Vises usually have two parallel jaws, the first one is fixed and the other is movable, threaded in and out using a screw and lever. Some types of vises include woodworking vise, engineer's vise, machine vise, hand vise, vacuum vise, pipe vise, clamp-on vise, hand vise and compound vise etc.
Snips or shears, are hand powered tools that is used to cut through sheet metal and any other tough webs. Categories of snips include tinner's snips, (similar to common scissors) and compound-action snips (uses a compound leverage handle to increase mechanical advantage). Some types of snips include compound action snips, tinner snips, and pipe and duct snips.
A saw is a hand tool that consists of a tough blade, a chain or wire with a solid toothed edge. It is used to cut through objects (particularly wood). The cut can be made by placing the hard toothed edge against the object and move it forcefully forward and less forcefully backwards or continuously forward. The force can be powered by hand, or applied by steam, electricity, water, or other power source (note that we are only referring to saw as a hand powered tool in this context). An abrasive saw comes with a powered circular blade that is designed to cut metal. Some examples of saws include hand saws, circular blade saws, back saws, and chain saws etc.
An automatic center punch can be described as a hand powered tool used to create a dimple in any object or a workpiece (a piece of metal). This tool performs the same functions as any ordinary center punch but doesn't require the use of a hammer. When pressed on a workpiece, it stores up energy in a spring, and releases it as an impulse that forces the punch which produces the dimple. This impulse is repeatable, allowing for the same or uniform impressions to be created.
A corner chisel is a hand powered tool used for cutting sharp through internal corners of wood. It is often used for hinge rebates or mortice joints. The hole is occasional drilled or typically cut by a router leaving rounded corners. The functions of a corner chisel is similar to that of a square morticing chisel which is used on a morticing equipment.
In woodworking, a fishtail hand tool is a kind of chisel comes with a flared blade resembling a fish tail. Fishtail tool are used for lettering, light wood finishing, skimming, and modeling. They are used to reach into tight places where a full-width gouge can’t go.